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16S rRNA RefSeq: V15.22    Genomic RefSeq: V9.15
Genus: Capnocytophaga
Lineage: Bacteria;Bacteroidetes;Flavobacteriia;Flavobacteriales;Flavobacteriaceae;Capnocytophaga
Overview: Capnocytophaga are abundant in dental plaque, making up 10% of the community in supra- and sub-gingival dental plaque sampled from healthy people (Eren et al. 2014). They make up 1-2% of the community on tonsils and throat, and lower amounts at other oral sites. There are 22 species of Capnocytophaga in the human oral microbiome, many of which have not yet been formally named.

Ecological role/importance in health and disease: Capnocytophaga are capnophilic, requiring high concentrations of carbon dioxide for growth; they therefore are often located adjacent to other bacteria such as Streptococcus spp. that produce CO2. The most abundant Capnocytophaga in dental plaque are C. gingivalis/C. granulosa, C. leadbetteri, and C. sputigena, each of which has >2% mean abundance and >85% prevalence in both supra- and sub-gingival plaque (Eren et al. 2014). Other, currently unnamed taxa can be sporadically abundant but with lower prevalence. In the subgingival plaque microbiome, C. gingivalis, C. ochracea, and C. spuigena formed part of the "green complex" together with Eikenella corrodens, Campylobacter concisus, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Socransky et al. 1998).

Capnocytophaga Image
Capnocytophaga (cyan) shown in a hedgehog structure from human dental plaque. They occupy the area between the Corynebacterium (magenta) at the center and the Streptococcus (green) in the outer ring.
See Mark Welch et al. 2016
eHOMD Taxonomy
LifeCellular Organisms
 DomainBacteria (788) Abundance
  PhylumBacteroidetes (123) Abundance
   ClassFlavobacteriia (29) Abundance
    OrderFlavobacteriales (29) Abundance
     FamilyFlavobacteriaceae (22) Abundance
      GenusCapnocytophaga (22) Abundance
       Species       Capnocytophaga endodontalis (HMT-326) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga gingivalis (HMT-337) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga granulosa (HMT-325) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga haemolytica (HMT-627) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga leadbetteri (HMT-329) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga ochracea (HMT-700) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_323 (HMT-323) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_324 (HMT-324) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_332 (HMT-332) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_334 (HMT-334) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_335 (HMT-335) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_336 (HMT-336) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_338 (HMT-338) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_380 (HMT-380) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_412 (HMT-412) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_863 (HMT-863) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_864 (HMT-864) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_878 (HMT-878) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_901 (HMT-901) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_902 (HMT-902) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sp._HMT_903 (HMT-903) Abundance
       Capnocytophaga sputigena (HMT-775) Abundance